Civil engineers are the unsung heroes who ensure buildings, bridges, and roads are structurally sound. As one of the largest areas within the engineering job set, these specialists are responsible for the design and upkeep of public works features. These include roads and bridges in addition to ports, airports, and railroads.
History of Civil Engineering
Civil engineering has been around since ancient Egypt. Some scholars believe the field started as far back as 4000 BC.
Architects v. Civil Engineers
Architects’ duties include designing and constructing buildings. Civil Engineers, on the other hand, must deal with government regulation, cost construction breakdown, and potential hazards to the environment. Some civil engineers also perform experiments on the surrounding area to help ensure that the foundation is solid. These experiments also work to determine which building materials are best suited for the environment.
In order to become a civil engineer, interested parties need at least a bachelor’s degree in engineering with a focus on civil engineering. Those who want to do more than just the basics should obtain a Master’s or even a Doctorate in the field. Those with a bachelor’s degree can usually work in the field while earning their graduate degree.
In addition to obtaining an advanced degree, some states require civil engineers to undergo state licensing. This includes gaining additional yearly education and passing an exam. Engineers may need several years of experience prior to sitting for the licensing test.
Salaries and Other Considerations
Civil Engineers have a median salary of $82,050. Of course, the top 75th percentile makes around $104,190. The positions within the field that make the most money include oil and gas professionals in Texas and California.
There is growth in the civil engineering field, making it ideal for new workers to get into. It can be a stressful job due to its inflexible schedule and involved workload, but knowing that the world has safer infrastructure makes it worthwhile.